Welcome to Sarawak - or as we say here - Selamat Datang.
Within these pages, you will find fascinating information about the "Land of the Hornbills."
Sarawak is located on the island of Borneo, and is one of the two states that make up East Malaysia. Sarawak and Sabah are separated from West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia) by the South China Sea. With an area of 124,449.51 square kilometres, Sarawak is the largest state in Malaysia, making up some 37.5% of the country's total area. The State is divided into eleven Administrative Divisions. Each Division (or Administration Region) is headed by a Resident and subdivided into between 2 to 4 districts.
Kuching is the State capital and the administrative centre for the First Division of Sarawak. It is home to some 458,300 people making it the highest populated city in Sarawak and the 7th highest populated city in Malaysia.
Topographically, Sarawak may be broadly classified into three principal terrain groups: the alluvial coastal plain, the mountainous interior and the central belt of generally undulating country between the coastal plain and the interior. Sarawak is a tropical state with an equatorial climate. It is hot and humid throughout the year with average daily temperature ranging from 23°C during the early hours of the morning to 32°c during the day.
Sarawak's forests are the state's most important resource and asset, producing timber and a multitude of forest products. The rainforest is home to an incredible variety of more than 8,000 species of flora and over 20,000 fauna, the majority of which are insects.
As the Sarawak government pursues its economic diversification policy, it has made available attractive incentives to all investors in the State. This range of special incentives is an addition to the ones already made available by the Malaysian Government to foreign investors. To ensure a steady supply of competent, productive and skilled workforce to meet the needs of industries in the State, the Ministry of Industrial Development of Sarawak is working closely with education institutions in the country.
Sarawak is not only the biggest state in Malaysia. It is the state with the most districts in Malaysia, home to Batang Rajang, the country's longest river, the world's biggest flower the Rafflesia, and the Brooke Birdwing, the world's largest butterfly. Sarawak also boasts the world's most extensive cave system, the world's oldest rainforest the size of Austria and evidence of the earliest known existence of man in Southeast Asia.
Sarawak is presently divided into eleven divisions -- Kuching is the First Division and the rest are Sri Aman, Sibu, Miri, Limbang, Sarikei, Kapit, Kota Samarahan, Bintulu, Mukah and Betong. Kuching is the seat of government for modern Sarawak. It has a Chief Minister, which heads a Cabinet of Ministers. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Negeri (or Governor), from amongst members of the State's Legislative Council. Elections are held every five years. The present Chief Minister is YAB Pehin Sri Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri (Dr) Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud. Kuching is also where the Head of the State of Sarawak, the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) His Excellency Tun Abang Muhammad Salahuddin Abang Barieng resides.
In 1988, coinciding with Sarawak's 25th Anniversary of Independence, the State adopted a new flag, state crest, state motto and state anthem.